Laws minors dating adults ohio
For example, Ohio Revised Code 2907.04 defines Unlawful Sexual Conduct with a Minor (also known as “statutory rape”) as: No person who is eighteen years of age or older shall engage in sexual conduct with another, who is not the spouse of the offender, when the offender knows the other person is thirteen years of age or older but less than sixteen years of age, or the offender is reckless in that regard. If the adult has previously been convicted of Rape, Sexual Battery, or Unlawful Sexual Conduct with a Minor, the adult faces an enhanced penalty of a second-degree felony.
In other words, no person 18 years old or older may legally engage in sexual conduct with a person under the age of 16. If there is an age gap of greater than four years but less than ten years between the minor and the adult, the adult could face a felony of the fourth degree. Additionally, regardless of the level of the offense, individual charged and convicted of Unlawful Sexual Conduct with a Minor will become a registered sex offender and will need to comply with all registration requirements.
This means that by law, young adults under the age of 16 cannot consent to sexual activity, with any person, of any age.
The people of Ohio, through their representatives in the Ohio Legislature, have decided that young adults under the age of 16 lack the emotional maturity and social foresight to voluntarily engage in sexual activity and therefore, young adults under the age of 16, and adolescents and children under the age of 13, should receive special protection under Ohio law.
In Ohio, it is illegal for an adult (someone 18 or older) to have sex with a minor (someone younger than 18), even if the sex is consensual.
Should a young adult under the age of 16 but over the age of 13 engage in sexual activity with an adult over the age of 18, and the age gap between the minor and the adult is four years or less, the adult could be charged with a misdemeanor of the first degree. Sexual activity without consent is another area for another post.Rape is a first degree felony, which incurs a fine of up to ,000, at least three (and up to ten) years in prison, or both.Unlawful sexual conduct with a minor includes sexual conduct between a minor who is 13, 14, or 15, and a defendant who is 18 or older.Of course, rape that does involve force or an assault is illegal in Ohio and prosecuted as forcible rape (see Ohio Sexual Battery Laws).Assaults of a sexual nature may also be charged under the state’s assault and battery laws (to learn more, see Aggravated Assault Laws in Ohio and Child Enticement in Ohio).